Fragrance free FACE MOISTURISERS
Moisturisers may be called by several different terms such as ointments, creams or lotions. All of these products are mixtures of lipid (fat) and water. The components of any moisturiser can broadly be broken down into the following three categories:
Used to draw in external water and draw-up internal water from the deeper layers of the skin and bind it in the upper layers of the skin (the Stratum Corneum) in order to keep it plump and hydrated. Some common humectants include; Aloe Vera, Glycerin and Hyaluronic Acid.
These ingredients provide a seal across the top of the skin in order to reduce water loss through evaporation (trans-epidermal water loss or TEWL). Some common occlusives include; Plant Oils and Butters, Petrolatum, and Silicones.
Used to soften and smooth the skin surface. Some common emollients include; Plant Oils/Butters and Squalene.
In addition moisturisers may contain one or both of the following types of ingredients:
A biologically active ingredient included within a skincare product in order to target a specific skincare need such as; excessive dryness/ oiliness, sun damage, dullness, uneven skin tone etc. Some common actives include; Anti-oxidants, Ceramides, Vitamins A, C & E.
An ingredient included within a skincare product with the specific purpose of protecting the skin from damage caused by exposure to sunlight. Some common sun protection ingredients include; Zinc Oxide (Mineral/Inorganic) and Oxybenzone (Chemical/Organic).