• Chris

Moisturising is Fundamental!

Updated: Jul 23, 2019


What types of ingredients make up a moisturiser?

What makes a moisturiser?

Moisturisers may be called by several different terms such as ointments, creams or lotions. All of these products are mixtures of lipid (fat) and water. The components of any moisturiser can broadly be broken down into the following three categories:


Humectants


Used to draw in external water and draw-up internal water from the deeper layers of the skin and bind it in the upper layers of the skin (the Stratum Corneum) in order to keep it plump and hydrated.  Some common humectants include:

  • Glycerin

  • Hyaluronic Acid /Sodium Hyaluronate

  • Panthenol

  • Urea

  • Lactic Acid

  • Seaweed derivatives


Occlusives


These ingredients provide a seal across the top of the skin in order to reduce water loss through evaporation (trans-epidermal water loss or TEWL). Examples of emollients are ingredients like:

  • Petrolatum

  • Fatty alcohols like cetyl and stearyl alcohol

  • Hydrocarbon oils like mineral oil

  • Silicones

  • Wax esters like beeswax and lanolin

  • Vegetable waxes like candelilla, carnauba, and palm kernel


Emollients


Used to soften and smooth the skin surface. Some common emollients include:

  • Plant Oils

  • Mineral Oil

  • Shea Butter

  • Cocoa Butter

  • Petrolatum

  • Fatty Acids (animal oils, including emu, mink, and lanolin)

  • Triglycerides,

  • Benzoates,

  • Myristates

  • Palmitates

  • Stearates


In addition moisturisers may contain one or both of the following types of ingredients:


Actives


A biologically active ingredient included within a skin care product in order to target a specific skin care need such as; excessive dryness/ oiliness, sun damage, dullness, uneven skin tone etc. Some common actives include:

  • Anti-oxidants

  • Ceramides 

  • Vitamin A derivatives such as rentinol​  

  • Vitamin C derivatives such as ascorbic acid and sodium ascorbyl phosphate 

  • Vitamin E (tocopherol)


Sun Protection


An ingredient included within a skin care product with the specific purpose of protecting the skin from damage which may be caused by exposure to sunlight. Some common sun protection ingredients include:

  • Titanium Dioxide

  • Zinc Oxide​









Here at SKIND we have a great range of moisturisers to cover the categories above all of which are cruelty free and fragrance free. Check them our here.



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